HR Jetpack

Job Descriptions

This video is premium content

Register or sign in to gain access.

Lesson:

Job Descriptions

  • Course: Compensation 101
  • Module: Job Analysis & Description
  • Lesson Type: Video
  • Lesson Duration: 4:25

Lesson Content

Job descriptions are an important management tool for:

Communication purposes such...

  • Informing applicants of job requirements
  • Helping employees understand the job responsibilities and expectations
  • Helping employees identify opportunities for career advancement

Job descriptions are also important for compliance purposes such as...

  • FLSA classifications and pay parameters
  • Determining job category for EEO-1 forms
  • ADA or Americans with Disabilities Act accommodations
  • Performance management
  • Market pricing jobs
  • Workers' compensation risk classification

There is no prescribed format for writing a job description. The best job descriptions are written clearly and concisely and include at least the following information:

First, Job Title. A job title that describes the type of work (for example, engineering, accounting) and level of work. Many organizations establish descriptors for job levels such as Associate, Coordinator, Specialist, Supervisor, Manager, Director, and so on.

Secondly, Reports To. This is about to whom the position reports.

Summary. And the summary should be brief, usually two to three sentences long that describes the reason the job exists and the overall type and level of work.

Next, FLSA Classification. And the FLSA classification (exempt or nonexempt) for purposes of the FLSA minimum wage and overtime rules. In addition, some organizations include the pay basis in this part of the job description such as Exempt/Salaried, Nonexempt/Hourly, and Nonexempt/Salaried.

Supervisory Responsibilities. Supervisory responsibilities (if applicable) including the scope of authority the job has for hiring, disciplining, and firing employees and for approving employment decisions such as pay increases and promotions.

You'll also want to include the Major Job Duties. This is a list of the essential job functions that must be performed in order to meet the reason why the job exists. Under ADA, essential functions are those that require at least 10 percent of an employee's time. A best practice is to list the functions in order of importance, starting with the most important function. Another best practice is to make the last function "Other Duties as Assigned." This gives managers flexibility to assign other functions as needed.

In addition you'll want to include, Minimum Job Requirements. This is the minimum education and experience required to successfully perform the essential functions of the job. Many organizations include equivalencies in this section, for example, "a bachelor's degree in accounting plus two years of experience in general accounting or an equivalent combination of education and experience sufficient to successfully perform the essential functions of the job."

In the next section of the job description, you'll want to include, the Knowledge and Skills Requirements. This a description of the knowledge and skills an individual must have to successfully perform the essential functions of the job.

In the next section include the Physical Requirements. This is a description of the physical requirements necessary to successfully the essential functions of the job. In addition, this section often includes a description of the work environment, for example, whether the job is performed in an office setting versus in an environment where an individual is exposed to safety hazards or weather elements. This section is especially helpful when determining ADA accommodations and in managing workers' compensation claims, such as determining whether an employee may return to work on "light duty."

Finally, include the Approval and Date Approved. Here you'll want to make sure you state who approved the job description and the date approved. This part is important for managing future updates to the job description. The best practice, of course, is to review and update job descriptions every two years.

Pamela Sande

Instructor:

Pamela Sande

Pamela Sande, CCP, is the Managing Principal of Pamela Sande & Associates, LLC. Pamela has over 25 years of human resources experience in both consulting and corporate roles, including as...

Pamela's Full Bio

HR Courses

Human Resources Training Programs

Self-paced HR Courses

The following HR courses are self-paced (asynchronous), and qualify for both SHRM and HRCI recertification credits. These courses are included in the HR Recertification Subscription.

Effective Disciplinary Action Policies and Procedures

Duration: 1 hr 1 min
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Liz LaForte

Liz LaForte

RFP Process for HR

Duration: 1 hr 19 mins
SHRM: 1.25 PDC
HRCI: 1.25 General

Mark Fogel

Mark Fogel

Organizational Ethics for HR Managers

Duration: 1 hr 30 mins
SHRM: 1.5 PDC
HRCI: 1.5 General

Dawn Tedesco

Dawn Tedesco

HR as a Business Partner

Duration: 1 hr 5 min
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Scott Pitts

Scott Pitts

Blockchain for HR

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Michael Wilson

Michael Wilson

HR Strategic Planning

Duration: 1 hr 2 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Employee Engagement & Retention

Duration: 1 hr 4 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

HR Metrics That Matter

Duration: 1 hr 16 mins
SHRM: 1.25 PDC
HRCI: 1.25 Business

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

Finance for Absolute Beginners

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Anna Samorukova

Anna Samorukova

Change Management 101

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Labor Relations

Duration: 1 hr 42 mins
SHRM: 1.50 PDC
HRCI: 1.75 General

Matthew Kerzner

Matthew Kerzner

Diversity and Inclusion

Duration: 1 hr 25 mins
SHRM: 1.25 PDC
HRCI: 1.50 General

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

HR Analytics

Duration: 1 hr 31 mins
SHRM: 1.50 PDC
HRCI: 1.50 Business

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

Performance Management: Development & Deployment

Duration: 1 hr 18 mins
SHRM: 1.25 PDC
HRCI: 1.25 General

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

The Role Assessments Play in Talent Management

Duration: 2 hr 5 mins
SHRM: 2.0 PDC
HRCI: 2.0 General

Craig Haas

Craig Haas

AI for HR

Duration: 1 hr 3 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Michael Wilson

Michael Wilson

Compensation 101

Duration: 1 hr 8 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.25 General

Pamela Sande

Pamela Sande

Effective Leadership Communications for HR Professionals

Duration: 2 hr 30 mins
SHRM: 2.5 PDC
HRCI: 2.5 General

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

Recruiting Strategies to Hire the Best Candidate

Duration: 1 hr 6 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Lois Krause

Lois Krause

Cybersecurity 101 for HR Pros

Duration: 1 hr 2 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Michael Wilson

Michael Wilson

EQ Competence: Fostering a Talent Advantage that Drives Organizational Performance

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Craig Haas

Craig Haas

Thinking Lean

Duration: 1 hr 8 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.25 Business

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

Coaching for HR Professionals

Duration: 1 hr 2 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

The Employment Cycle

Duration: 1 hr 45 mins
SHRM: 1.75 PDC
HRCI: 1.75 General

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

Behavioral and Situational Interviewing

Duration: 1 hr 8 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.25 General

Stephanie Legatos

Stephanie Legatos

Dynamic Dialogues

Duration: 1 hr 10 mins
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.25 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

Employment Law 101

Duration: 3 hr 11 mins
SHRM: 3.0 PDC
HRCI: 3.25 General

Mark Addington

Mark Addington

Thrown to the Wolves: Preparing Your New Leaders to Lead the Pack

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Karen Hinds

Karen Hinds

Introduction to Organizational Development

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Practical Meeting Preparation: Getting Ready for a Productive Meeting

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti

Succession Planning: Build Your Bench

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Practices for Hiring Successfully

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Team Development: Building Collaboration & Effectiveness

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti

Leading and Managing the Need for Both

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Coaching: Guiding the Management Team

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Being A Change Agent

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Hayley Buonopane

Hayley Buonopane

Leading a Multigenerational Team

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Karen Hinds

Karen Hinds

Multi-Generational Workforce: Problem or Competitive Advantage?

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti

Virtual Reality: The Future of HR

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

Unconscious Bias: Impact on Recruitment and Retention

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christina Danforth

Christina Danforth

Business Fundamentals for HR Pros

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Jack Antonich

Jack Antonich

Influence and Communications as an HR Pro

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

Value Based Decision Making for HR Pros

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

Strategic Planning to Support HR Initiatives

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Dr. Deborah Osgood

Dr. Deborah Osgood

Meet in the Middle: Best Methods for Conflict Management

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti

Economics for HR Professionals

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Jack Antonich

Jack Antonich

Business Plans: Why HR Pros Should Care

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Jack Antonich

Jack Antonich

Emotional Intelligence: What is it and Why Does it Matter

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti

Marketing/Selling Continuum (From Idea to Revenue)

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Jack Antonich

Jack Antonich

Diversity Equity & Inclusion The Lens We Wear

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

Welcome! What HR can Learn from the Field of Hospitality

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

Accounting and Financial Reporting for HR Pros

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Jack Antonich

Jack Antonich

How HR Can Establish & Influence a Culture Of Hospitality

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

Raising Capital (Who, What, When, Where, Why & How)

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 Business

Jack Antonich

Jack Antonich

Cultural Competence: Fostering Diversity Equity & Inclusion

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Stacey Zackin

Stacey Zackin

DiSC Communication Styles: What are They & How They can Help You

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti

Effective Meeting Facilitation for HR Pros

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti

Best Practices in Providing Effective Performance Feedback

Duration: 1 hr
SHRM: 1.0 PDC
HRCI: 1.0 General

Christine Gatti

Christine Gatti